The literal that means of phrase Hajj is “to set out” or “to make pilgrimage”. In Shariah, Hajj refers back to the annual pilgrimage of Muslims to Makkah to carry out sure spiritual rites in accordance with the teachings and strategies prescribed by Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Hajj happens over the past month of Islamic calendar, from eighth to 12th Dhu al-Hijjah.
The origin of Hajj dates again to 2000 BC and most of the Hajj rites come immediately from the lifetime of Hazrat Ibrahim/Abraham (AS). For instance, the ceremony of Sa’i when Muslim pilgrims run/stroll between the hills of Safa and Marwa seven occasions is the re-enactment of Hajra’s distressed seek for water for her toddler son, Ismail (AS), when each of them have been abandoned by Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) in a barren valley on the orders of Allah SWT. Hajra was the second spouse of Hazrat Ibrahim (AS). To quench her son’s thirst, Hajra ran forwards and backwards between Safa and Marwa to seek out water. It’s mentioned that the angel Jibril (Gabriel), on Allah’s order, touched right down to earth and created a spring of contemporary water for the infant. This spring, known as Zamzam, nonetheless runs in Makkah.
Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) was a really righteous and pious man. Though his father, Aazar, was a well-known idol sculptor and a polytheist, Ibrahim (AS) denied his father’s faith and believed within the oneness of God. He was chosen as a prophet and devoted his complete life to Allah SWT. He was given the title of “Khalilullah” (buddy of Allah).
His son Ismail (AS), like his father, was sturdy in religion. Allah SWT examined their loyalty when He ordered Ibrahim (AS) to sacrifice his beloved younger son, Ismail (AS), within the identify of Allah. SubhanAllah, have a look at the extent of religion and perception of the daddy and son, when Ibrahim (AS) informed his son about what he dreamt, Ismail (AS) was instantly keen to observe Allah’s orders. Nevertheless Allah SWT positioned a ram as an alternative of Ismail (AS), for the reason that notion all the best way was to evaluate the allegiance of Ibrahim (AS). Allah felicitated Ibrahim as He says within the Quran [37:104-105]:
“We known as to him, ‘O Abraham, You will have fulfilled the imaginative and prescient.’Certainly, We thus reward the doers of fine.”
To commemorate this nice sacrifice and the readiness to hold out Allah’s bidding, Muslims all around the world rejoice “Eid Al-Adha” on the finish of the Hajj pilgrimage. Find more information about Hajj 2018.
Allah SWT ordained Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) to construct the Ka’aba -the home of Allah, alongside along with his son, Ismail (AS) as Allah mentions within the Quran:
“And [mention, O Muhammad], when We designated for Abraham the location of the Home, [saying], “Don’t affiliate something with Me and purify My Home for many who carry out Tawaf and those that stand [in prayer] and those that bow and prostrate.” [Surah al-Hajj: 26-27]
It’s round this Ka’aba that the pilgrims carry out the ritual of Tawaf, which includes circling the Ka’aba seven occasions in counter-clockwise path.
After performing Tawaf, Muslims go to the Station of Ibrahim (Maqam e Ibrahim) to hope two nafl prayer rakahs, after which drink water from the sacred Nicely of Zamzam, earlier than continuing to the subsequent ritual of the Hajj, the S’ai. Station of Ibrahim is the identify of the stone on which Sayyidna Ibrahim (AS) stood whereas constructing the Ka’aba. It was one of many miracles of Ibrahim (AS) that this stone turned tender and his toes sank into it, forming an impression on it which may nonetheless be seen, SubhanAllah!
“Ramy al-Jamrat” (Stoning of the Devil), one other compulsory ritual of Hajj, additionally pertains to an essential occasion in Ibrahim (AS) life. Pilgrims carry out Ramy al-Jamrat by casting stones at three pillars. These three pillars are mentioned to be situated on the three places the place Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) was tempted by Devil when he was going to sacrifice his son, Ismail (AS), as demanded by Allah SWT. The pilgrims should hit every pillar at the very least seven occasions with the pebbles they’ve picked up in Muzdalifah. The notion behind this ceremony is to indicate defiance of the Satan/Devil.
On the ninth day of Dhu al-Hijjah, pilgrims make their method atop the hill, Mount Arafat or in any other case often known as ‘Jabal Al Rahmah’, the hill of forgiveness. Pilgrims collect on the plain of Arafat and interact themselves in Zikr, prayers and Quran recitation. This is called “Wuquf” and thought of because the spotlight of Hajj. The importance of Mount Arafat is that it’s the web site the place Prophet Muhammad (SAW) delivered his well-known Farewell Sermon (Khutbah Hajjatul Wida) to the Muslims who had accompanied him for the Hajj in direction of the top of his life. It was on Jabal al Rahmah the place Adam and Hawa (Eve) have been reunited and forgiven by Almighty Allah and it’s on this identical plain the place all people will collect in entrance of Allah SWT on the Day of Judgment.
Every ceremony of Hajj has a historical past and a lesson related to it. Understanding the accounts behind these rituals will allow the pilgrims to carry out Hajj with a heightened stage of zeal and earnestness, insha’Allah.